The Arzamas goose
The Arzamas geese have received the name from city of Arzamas on the river Oka. These geese are one of versions of the Tula breed of geese. In the proof to that I want to cite Ivan Abozin's book "Poultry farming" of 1895: «the Arzamas goose represents the same Tula goose, but the a little bit greater growth, with longer neck and not so dense and graceful addition. A beak is not such short and thick as at Tula goose. Color of plumage mainly white, but there are grey and clay-painted Arzamas geese. Obviously, the Arzamas goose represents not such pure breed as the Tula goose, and, most likely, in it there is an impurity a Chinese goose and, can be simple, but the improved Russian goose. On a structure of a head and a beak, in the Arzamas goose it is possible to track also all three types of the Tula goose». The Arzamas goose is one of the most highly productive domestic breeds. Local residents selected geese on pugnacity and high weight. The antiquity of an origin of the Arzamas geese proves to be true various references. In June, 1767, in connection with arrival to Arzamas Ekaterinas II, have been arranged demonstrative goose fights. And here the description of the eyewitness of 1870: «I saw a breed of geese of unusual size in streets of Arzamas, almost from a swan. I heard, that they are very fervent and aggressive, that them accustom to severe fights during which there are various bets».
The Second World War has essentially undermined a livestock of this breed. Since 1949 work on restoration of breed from the rests which are taking place in the common herds began.
Features of the ex-terrier.
"The head at the Arzamas goose short, rounded, with a wide forehead and a round nape. Muscles of cheeks are strongly advanced. A beak is massive, thick at the basis, yellow, the end of the thick is ivory-painted. Under the form of a beak these geese are with a false nose (with some concave top line of a beak), with an abrupt nose (the top line of a beak at them convex) and with a direct nose. Eyes, at them big, black or blue with yellow centuries. The neck is beautifully bent. The neck is longer, than at the Tula goose. A back is wide, direct, flat. A breast is full, wide, round. Wings are big, skintight to sides, cover with the ends a waist. Legs are strong, rather short. Paws are big, with direct fingers. Color of a shank and a paw are orange-yellow. Plumage dense, entirely only white. Weight from 15 up to 20 pounds". So Alexey Osipov in 1919 describes the Arzamas geese.
Economic useful features.
Arzamas geese are very strong, hardy also are well fattened on pastures. They demand a small amount of addition of grain forages. At a fattening, geese quickly grow fat and give high quality meat. Arzamas geese are adapted to a severe climate and local conditions and possess high parameters of fertilisation of eggs and deductibilities. Arzamas geese quickly react to improvement of conditions of feeding and the maintenance and raise the productive qualities. Alive weight of adult individuals: ganders - 6,0 kg, geese - 5,0 - 5,5 kg. To 60-day time age the young growth amount to 3,7 - 4,0 kg. An egg-laying qualities is low - 18 - 20 eggs, weight of eggs - 165 - 180. Geese are good brood hens. Viability of geese of this breed is high. Safety of young growth makes 96%.
You can see another site in english :
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- The Kholmogorskaja geese
- The Pavlovskaja hen